Why do we need Collagen? And which Type of Collagen should be used for different purposes?
When it comes to protecting the health of the skin, ensuring the integrity of the hair and nails, combating joint rheumatism and the dissolution of the articular cartilages, Collagen appears before us. In addition, collagen plays a very important role in the fight against osteoporosis.
Collagen is the cement of the human body. Collagen makes up 80% of the human body from birth to death.
The name collagen comes from making collage, that is, gluing. It is thanks to Collagen that cells and organs can be attached to each other, ensure the integrity of the tissues, and be flexible and elastic.
Collagen is not a single substance, Type 1, Type 2, Type 3, Type 4 and Type 5 Collagens make up 80% of the total collagen reserve. They also have different tasks. While Type 1 Collagen and Type 2 Collagen function as skin and tissue Collagen, Type 2 Collagen stands out as bone and cartilage Collagen.
Collagen, frequently used in the world, is really necessary? What does collagen do? What is Extracellular Matrix?
The Extracellular Matrix is the connecting structure between cells, it is very important for the body and is abundant in all bones, connective tissue, joints, and any organ you can think of. The Extracellular Matrix consists of three main components, Collagen, Elastin and Glycoaminglicans. The Extracellular Matrix, which is in the form of a bond between cells, primarily provides structural flexibility, and creates the strength of the bone by containing minerals. It contains growth hormone.
Without the Extracellular Matrix, it is not possible for the body to maintain its structural integrity, it ensures that the cells are together and in an order, and prevents them from going to another region and sticking to it. In the absence of the Extracellular Matrix, cells can self-scatter in different directions, so the Extracellular Matrix is generally referred to as connective tissue.
Collagen is one of the main components of the Extracellular Matrix and is produced and sold as a supplemental protein. Under normal conditions, the Collagen produced in the body cannot be absorbed because it has a large molecule, so it is turned into gelatin with a mild acid or boiled and then absorbed in the gastrointestinal system, but since the products sold as supplements are subjected to chemical reactions and turned into micromolecules, their absorption takes place more easily. Collagen, which is in the structure of the Extracellular Matrix in our body, has no absorbability feature because these are macromolecules.
There are 20 known types of Collagen, but Collagens between Type 1 and Type 5 are the most important. Type 1 Collagen is found mostly in the skin. 75% of the collagen in the skin is Type 1, 25% is Type 2 and Type 3 Collagen. In the connective tissue and joints, 75% Type 2 Collagen is found, while 25% is Type 1 and Type 3 Collagen. If Collagen is to be taken as a supplement, Type 1 Collagen should be used for skin health, and Type 2 Collagen should be used for connective tissue, joints and cartilages.
In preparations sold as supplements, Type 3 Collagen is found in both Type 1 and Type 2 Collagen. There is no harm in this, but the right type should be selected according to the place of use and its density should be checked in the preparation. Because these supplements are very expensive products and their use is increasing all over the world, it is important that it really works.
Collagen is a protein and 25% of the total protein in the body is Collagen. Collagen is low in calories and does not cause weight gain. However, Collagen is a fibrous protein and too much of it causes fibrosis. The thick and swollen tissue that forms as wounds heal is this fibrotic tissue.
Taking Collagen with antioxidants increases its absorption more. There are various diseases related to disorders in Collagen synthesis. For example, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is quite interesting. In Ehlers-Danlos disease, the patient can bend backwards 360°, his hands and fingers are very flexible, a huge body can fit even in a small suitcase. Glass bone syndrome is another disease. The slightest touch to the patient can cause his bones to break. Such diseases are genetic disorders related to Collagen synthesis.
Daily Collagen requirement is 10 grams, of course, some amount of this can be taken with various foods. When Collagen supplement is taken, it should be taken over 2.5 grams, when taken under 2.5 grams, Collagen supplement cannot reach its place because it is primarily used by all organs.
Collagen can be taken in tablet form, liquid form or powder. Tablet form contains least Collagen.
The amount of Collagen in the body decreases from the age of 30. In addition, Collagen synthesis decreases in stressful environments. A sedentary life also causes Collagen deficiency.
Collagen does not have any defined side effects, but due to the hyaluronic acid it contains, edema may occur around the eyes, hands and feet, especially in the morning, in the first weeks of use. Apart from this, sometimes there may be side effects such as nausea, activation of reflux, increased calcium causing nausea and vomiting. It is recommended to take Collagen supplements at night. Since hormones such as melatonin and growth hormone are also secreted at night, Collagen supplement serves better for the construction of the connective tissue.
Nowadays, it is not possible to obtain Collagen only from food. The main reason for the lack of Collagen is that we have separated the meat from the bone in modern food systems. In other words, we left eating the meat that is cooked slowly, together with the bone, on low heat and started eating the breast of the chicken or the back of the veal! Again, the reason is that we have removed and not used the bone and tendons, internal organs and offal of animals. The fundamental change in our diet!
When preparing Collagen supplements, the first thing to do is to transform the non-absorbable Collagen due to their large molecules into absorbable Collagen hydrosylates, namely Collagen peptides. Large pieces of Collagen with a weight of more than 2000, 3000 daltons cannot be absorbed in our intestines, we need to break up large molecules. For this reason, when we take a Collagen supplement, the first thing to do is to see if the product is a Collagen peptide and to know that only amounts over 2.5 grams can work. The benefit rate increases when 5 grams, 7.5 grams, 10 grams are taken per day.
When choosing a product for Collagen supplementation, it should be carefully checked where and at what standards the products are produced and whether they contain sugar, especially "fructose". Sugary Collagen does more harm than good. In addition, Collagen products containing vitamin D, biotin and zinc should be preferred. Along with the Collagen product, vitamin C supplementation provides many benefits.
If you want to increase the production of Collagen in the metabolism, it is not necessary to eat meat, broth, bone broth, bone powder always. Consuming more sulfur-rich foods, namely cabbage, cauliflower, radishes, onions, garlic, and eating foods rich in vitamin C, that is, vegetables and fruits more often and abundantly, are also beneficial.
In short, it is not possible to achieve a beautiful appearance, a healthy life, and a happy old age without Collagen.
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